In recent times few of the scientists have developed a new model which vehemently can predict seven of the sun’s biggest flares from the last solar cycle, out of a set of nine. Consequently, they have discovered that a massive sunspot will be turning towards planet Earth and could result in major strong flares.
Therefore, after major atrocities the world has already seen such as COVID-19, it isn’t over yet because the flares from the massive sunspot could affect the life on Earth even more. A report was provided by Spaceweather.com– a space weather forecasting website- which stated that multiple minor flares have been already emitted by the sunspot as it is faced towards the Earth. And these have caused “minor waves of ionization to ripple through Earth’s upper atmosphere” but nothing major.
But, according to the recent reports the sunspot which is denoted as AR2770, captured by an astronomer Martin Wise from Florida’s Trenton in the United States of America (USA) states that the sunspot is expected to grow larger and will soon turn towards our planet Earth. And, as being observed if this sunspot grows up to 50,000 km in diameter, it would release a huge amount of energy which further would lead to solar flares and storms. This whole phenomenon is called Coronal Mass Ejections (CME). These flares can have a major effect on affect radio communications, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) connectivity, power grids, and satellites.
Also, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the CMEs can further result in “fluctuations of electrical currents in space and energize electrons and protons trapped in Earth’s varying magnetic field”. Solar flares caused by these CMEs can also trigger intense light in the sky, commonly known as auroras. Although the entire mechanism has not been understood properly according to the International Business Times, Martin Wise captured the dark sunspot using an 8-inch telescope with safer solar filters also, its dimensions make this sunspot “one of the largest sunspot groups of the current solar cycle”.