As Covid-19 concerns spreading quickly across the globe with the increase in death rates as well, similarly claims of what might help people avoid catching is rising too. Although, hand-washing, sanitizing and social distancing are some of the common measures taken by everyone still, what can one do to make sure that their immune system is ready to fight off the virus?
Initially one should understand a crucial aspect that,
HOW DOES OUR IMMUNE SYSTEM WORK?
Our immune system is a network of cells throughout our body that normally work together to limit the infection or prevent it from pathogens (like bacteria and viruses). Further, scientists categorize these ‘immune’ cells in two groups: innate immune cells and adaptive immune cells. Their function is explained by a professor Dr Starnbach who says that innate immune cells are considered the first line of defence. They identify the threats from different pathogens and trigger a response to get rid of them. In the second part of the process, the adaptive immune cells are involved as these are special cells which clear the remainder of the organism left.
Now, these adaptive immune cells make the process more curious as they have what’s known as ‘immune memory’ which states that these cells not only help the body to get rid of the pathogens that have entered earlier but also make more replicas of themselves to build a stronger defence system to fight the pathogen if it reappears.
Therefore, in the case of coronavirus, no one has built a heightened immune system to it because none’s immune memory has encountered it before. So, no one has developed immunity to this virus thus leaving everyone susceptible and vulnerable to the virus. Those, who have recovered from the virus, might have developed an immune system strong enough to fight it.
On the other hand, boosting the immune system is wholly a different area which can be degenerative in certain cases where, the immune system attacks tissues of the same body which happens in the case of autoimmune diseases such as, Crohn’s disease. Some research also suggests that certain supplements with some vitamins and nutrients may help protect against certain viruses but they help reduce the severity of the illness once a person has caught it not before. Thus, in the case of Covid-19, even the supplements would not be helpful as scientists are studying this virus for the first time.
Thus, it would be good if one maintains hygiene and follow all the protocols provided by the health organizations.